Cinnamon essential oil is made from the bark or leaves of the Cinnamomum verum and Cinnamomum cassia trees. Cinnamon is a member of the genus Cinnamon, a genus with up to 250 species members. Most of the Cinnamon species are aromatic. This plant is thought to have originated from Sri Lanka and the southeastern region of the Indian peninsula.
Cinnamon is closely related to Cassia which is thought to have originated from mainland China. Both are evergreen tropical plants that can grow to a height of 15 meters. Currently, there are three species of Cinnamon that are widely cultivated because of their economic value, namely C. burmanii, C. zeylanicum and C. cassia.
Cinnamon leaves and stems are aromatic. The stem of the live cinnamon plant is easy to identify because it has a smooth, unlined texture. The color of the stems is brown to reddish brown. Stem gummy light yellow or whitish. The stems give off a very characteristic odor. Single leaf and stiff. The length of the petiole ranges from 0.5 to 1.5 cm. The leaves have a characteristic in the form of three leaf bones that grow curved.
The nutritional content of cinnamon is rich in chemical compounds that are beneficial and have nutritive content that is good for human health. Cinnamon has the highest antioxidant power of all food ingredients.
Other important components of essential oils are ethyl cinnamate, linalool, cinnamaldehyde, beta-caryophyllene, and methyl chavicol. Cinnamon is one of the best sources of flavonoid phenolic antioxidants such as carotenes, zea-xanthin, lutein and cryptoxanthin.
The nutritional levels of cinnamon (per 100 grams of bark) are as follows:
- Energy 247 Kcal
- Carbohydrates 50.59 g
- Protein 3.99 g
- Total fat 1.24 g
- Cholesterol 0 mg
- Fiber 53.1 g
- Niacin 1,332 mg
- Pantothenic acid 0.358 mg
- Pyridoxine 0.158 mg
- Riboflavin 0.041 mg
- Thiamine 0.022 mg
- Vitamin A 295 IU
- Vitamin C 3.8 mg
- Vitamin E 10.44 mg
- Sodium 10 mg
Cinnamon as medicine
Cinnamon has long been used by the nations of the world. Various traditional medical practices use cinnamon as a medicinal plant. In Tamil Nadu India, all species of Cinnamomum have multifunctional properties, especially in the prevention and cure of disease.
The people of Tamil Nadu use C. walaiwarense, C. trivancoricum and C. malabatrum to treat stomach aches. Species C. riparium, C. sulphuratum, C. filipedicellatum and C. wightii are used to treat fever, intestinal worms, dizziness and menstrual problems.
Cinnamon is an important plant in medicine and culinary arts in south Asia. The essential oil of the Cinnamomum species is used as an antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory. Various traditional uses believe that cinnamon is useful as a cough medicine, canker sores, eczema, wind laxative, sweat laxative. Cinnamon is also believed to treat gout and hernias. Cinnamon is also used in treating diabetes.
Another function of cinnamon for the body is preventing blood clots, anti-cancer, improving brain function, lowering cholesterol, controlling blood sugar, and warming growth. Cinnamon contains essential oils such as eugenol which play a role in providing a calming taste/psychological effect. Eugenol can act as a local anesthetic and antiseptic so it is widely used in dental procedures.
Cinnamon has properties as an antioxidant, antidiabetic, antiseptic, local anesthetic, anti-inflammatory, and warming. The active components of this spice can increase the motility of the intestinal tract organs of the digestive system, as well as play a role in helping the digestive system by increasing the secretion of gastro-intestinal enzymes. Cinnamon is beneficial in the diet, among others, plays a role in controlling blood sugar and reducing cholesterol. Cinnamon is used in the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases.
Cinnamon Essential Oil and Its Benefits
Cinnamon essential oil is made from the bark or leaves of the Cinnamomum verum and Cinnamomum cassia trees. Even so, cinnamon oil that is often sold in the market is mostly made from Cinnamomum verum. Both types of cinnamon oil have many health benefits, because they contain cinnamaldehyde and eugenol compounds. Both present various benefits of cinnamon oil, as follows:
The fragrant aroma of cinnamon oil makes it one of the main choices in aromatherapy treatment methods. In this treatment method, the essential oil is dripped into a diffuser to become a vapor that can be spread in the air, so that patients can inhale it.
The benefits of cinnamon oil in aromatherapy have not been studied further. However, many people feel calm when following a therapy session with cinnamon oil aromatherapy.
Effectively kill bacteria
In one study, cinnamon oil was shown to be effective against a bacterium called Pseudomonas aeruginosa. This bacterium is very dangerous, in fact it is resistant to drugs and can threaten human life.
Maintain oral health
Cinnamon itself has antibacterial and antifungal components that are proven to be effective in killing Streptococcus mutans and Candida ssp biofilms. Both are very dangerous for oral health, can even cause oral infections and cavities.
Works as a disinfectant
The ability of cinnamon oil as a disinfectant has been proven in a study. The researchers found that cinnamon oil is very effective as a disinfectant for medical equipment in hospitals. Not only that, several studies have also proven that cinnamon oil can be a non-chemical additive.
Cinnamon oil is believed to nourish hair. In animal studies, cinnamon oil has been shown to be effective in stimulating hair growth. Some anecdotal reports also state that cinnamon oil, olive oil, and honey are quite effective in nourishing hair. However, the benefits of cinnamon oil on this one should not be trusted completely. This is because no human studies have been conducted.
Overcoming various diseases
Cinnamon essential oil is considered to be an essential oil that can cure various diseases, such as coughs, colds, and constipation. In addition, cinnamon oil is also believed to increase blood circulation, relieve pain, fight infection, and keep the body from getting sick. insect bites. The various health benefits of cinnamon oil do not yet have strong enough evidence. Therefore, never rely on cinnamon oil to treat certain diseases, without consulting a doctor.